Head of a man
Campania, 3rd century BC.
The head of a young man with wavy hair falling over the middle of the forehead. The physiognomic features correspond to one of the types of iconography of Alexander, a much earlier and better known example which is the bone portrait of the king found in the tomb of Philip II at Vergina (Archaeological Museum, Vergina).
The same image appears in a mosaic in the House of the Faun at Pompeii, depicting the battle of Alexander and Darius, assumed to be a reproduction of a painted original. That would have been the magnificent work mentioned by Pliny, painted by Philoxenes from Eretria for Cassander´s palace in Pella in the last years of Alexander´s life or shortly after his death. At the same time, the treatment of the terracotta to make it look like a work in bronze, such as the use of the chisel to mark pupils and irises, the small lines at the corners of the lips and the manner of portraying locks of hair, are characteristic of Italian work.
Source: The Immortal Alexander the Great, Hermitage Amsterdam 2010.
Acropolis of Athens, Greece, 1961.
Detail of the Temple of Castor and Pollux, Roman Forum, Rome, Italy.
”While the Colosseum stands, Rome shall stand; when the Colosseum falls, Rome shall fall; when Rome falls, the world shall fall.“
Detail of relief with Marcus Aurelius offering a sacrifice to Jupiter Capitoline. Relief panel comes from the decoration of a triumphal arch erected in 176 AD. in the Roman Forum at the foot of the Capitoline Hill to celebrate Marcus Aurelius’s victories over the Germanics and Sarmatians. Relief was created during Marcus Aurelius’s reign in the years from 177 to 180 AD. Musei Capitolini, Rome.
The Curia, first Roman senate house was built by Tullus Hostilius at the northwest corner of the Forum square. The Curia which stands today was begun by Julius Caesar in 44 B.C. He aligned this new Curia with its surrounding structures. The interior has three steps for the senator’s seats on either side of the vast hall. A speaker’s podium was located at the end opposite of the door. The Curia Julia was dedicated by Augustus in 29 B.C.
The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal Arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and The Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine’s Victory over Maxentius at the battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312. The Arch is 21m high, 25,9m wide and 7,4m deep. It has three archways, the central one being 11,5m high and 6,5m wide, the lateral archways 7,4m by 3,4m each. The top, called attic, is a brickwork reveted with marble. A staircase formed in the thickness of the each arch is entered from a door at some height from the ground, in the end towards the Palantine Hill. Rome, Italy.
The Temple of Concordia is an Ancient Greek temple in the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento, on the south coast of Sicily, Italy.
Detail of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, Rome, Italy.
The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, Rome, Italy.