Verso la Nuvola
Verso la Nuvola
“Indeed, in so far as Caligula felt loyalty to anything, it was to his family – and to his sisters in particular. (…) All three, while Tiberius was alive, had shared with their brother the perils of being their mother’s children; all three, when Caligula finally came into his inheritance, had been graced with spectacular honours.” Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of the House of Caesar – Tom Holland
When Emperor Caligula came to power his three sisters, Agrippina The Younger, Julia Drusilla and Julia Livilla were lavished with honors, including having the same privileges as the Vestal Virgins, and appearing on coins, in which they they were portrayed as deities. Consuls were obliged to swear allegiance not only to Caligula but to his sisters too.
His favorite sister, Drusilla, was even appointed as his sucessor when the emperor fell ill and after her death in 38 Caligula demonstrated “unprecedented displays of mourning”. After her death Drusilla was officially declared divine, the first woman in Roman history to become a goddess.
In 39 the two remaining sisters, Agrippina and Livilla, were caught in a conspiracy to overthrow their brother and were banished. They both returned to Rome after Caligula’s death.
Livilla was again exiled during the reign of their uncle Claudius, after falling out of favor with his wife Messalina, but Agrippina became Claudius’ wife after Messalina was executed and her son, Nero, went on to become Claudius’ successor.
Agrippina became then one of the most influentional figures in the Julio-Claudian dynasty, causing a power struggle between her and her son, which ended with Agrippina’s assassination in 59.
– We have taken to each other’s arms many times…yet never soared so high!
– We are far from Rome, and tethers that prevent such flight.
“Again, you mistake intent.”
“Mistake is yours.”
At this period the world of Rome was a pagan world, so there was a very strong moral code. Religion is everything in Rome it’s part of everything you do from the moment you get up in the morning to the moment you go to bed at night. But religion has nothing to do with morality. Religion is there to protect the state. It’s not there to make you good or bad, it’s functional.
The Roman state thinks it has to propitiate, get the favour of these great gods and goddesses, and then they will not punish the Roman state. That’s why they employed real professionals, this is what priests were, who could get through the ritual word perfect every time, who knew exactly what to do at each moment, because that they believe is what would guarantee the favour of the god. – Jonathan Stamp, Historical Consultant on HBO Rome
The best drama is not about playing, “didn’t they wash differently?” or “didn’t they eat funny food?” It’s about human relationships and human relationships never change. Religion was hugely important. It wasn’t a monotheistic culture. Highly superstitious people. – Indira Varma, HBO Rome.
messalina’s lover: but how are we gonna get married when you’re already married to the emperor?
messalina, third wife of emperor claudius: